24 sep. 2015

En icke-ödesbestämd tragedi i Mecka

Hemska rapporter i dag från Mecka, där över 700 människor trampats ihjäl och över 800 skadats. De drabbade är pilgrimer som deltar i den årliga vallfärden (hajj) till islams heliga stad.

Al Jazeera journalisten Basma Atassi rapporterar löpande från sin egen pilgrimsresa. På Hajj in Real-Time kan man följa hennes vandring och se bilder från hur det är ser ut för alla de miljoner människor som deltar i detta arrangemang.

Igår skrev Mustafa Akyol en debattartikel i the New York Times om en bidragens orsak till liknande tragedier - lite fokus på säkerhet, utan istället skylls olyckor på ett förutbestämt öde - Islam’s Tragic Fatalism.
“God’s will” becomes an easy cover for intellectual laziness, lack of planning, and irresponsibility. Muslims in positions of power often refer to “fate” to explain away their failures, while never hesitating to take pride in their successes.
Akyol skriver också att det finns olika traditioner inom islam.
Accidents, of course, happen everywhere. Yet in the Muslim world, fatalism often serves as a cover for inadequate safety measures or greedy bosses unwilling to pay for them. That is why Turkey’s top cleric, Mehmet Gormez, an erudite theologian, felt the need to warn fellow Turks that “Producing excuses about ‘divine power’ for human guilt and responsibility is wrong,” after a Dickensian mine fire killed 301 workers in 2014. “The laws of nature are the laws of God. God has given us the ability to understand these laws and asked from us to act accordingly,” Mr. Gormez declared. “What is suitable for God’s will is to take the necessary precautions against the physical causes for disasters.” 
This important statement was unmistakably grounded in certain medieval Islamic schools of thought, such as the Maturidis and the Mutazilites, who believed human beings possessed free will and could be “the creator of their own deeds.” They also believed that humans could use reason to interpret scripture and establish moral truths. 
But such rationalist Muslim schools had powerful rivals, such as the Asharites and the even more rigid Hanbalis, the precursors of today’s Salafis. These dogmatists played down human free will by emphasizing God’s predestination, and discredited human reason. They also denied the existence of natural laws, assuming that causality is an infringement on God’s omnipotence.
Människor kan till stor del påverka sitt "öde". Vi kan förbättra säkerheten och vi kan anpassa våra traditioner och ritualer. Att alla pilgrimer ska besöka denna plats under endast 5 dagar är en dålig lösning.

Inga kommentarer:

 
Religion Blogg listad på Bloggtoppen.se