22 jan. 2016

Laïcité på agendan i Frankrike

Den franska versionen av statens sekularism (laïcité) diskuteras nu i landet. Politiker har tidigare nyttjat begreppet på ett sätt som minskat toleransen för muslimska sedvänjor. Nu, efter terroratackerna i Frankrike, förs det fram att tolkningen av sekularism måste göras öppnare, så att fler inkluderas i samhället. Utbildningsminister Najat Vallaud-Belkacem berättade för the Guardian:
"We have to reappropriate the concept of laïcité so we can explain to our young pupils that whatever their faith, they belong to this idea and they’re not excluded. Secularism is not something against them; it protects them."
"Laïcité is about saying we’re in a country where individuals can have whatever beliefs, or lack of beliefs, they choose and the public powers must be neutral towards them. That’s why in schools, we ask pupils not to wear distinctive religious symbols, because schools should be indifferent to beliefs and everyone must be treated equally. But there had been a growing sense of incomprehension among pupils over what this meant, with some pupils feeling it was an aggressive attack on who they were." 
"If a big number of young pupils felt secularism was an attack on them, it was because the term had been misused and deformed in the public debate for years by the extreme-right and the right as an attack on Islam. The term had often been misused to point out how Muslims were different to others, and that is clearly problematic."
Över 5000 volontärer är nu engagerade för att gå ut i franska skolor och utbilda om sekularism.

France 24 har sänt en kort beskrivning av vad laïcité innebär och de frågeställningar som är kopplade till det.

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